Green chemistry

Green chemistry means designing chemical products and processes that minimize or eliminate the use or creation of hazardous substances. The concept applies to all stages of the chemical product life cycle, from design through end-of-life. There are 12 commonly accepted principles of green chemistry:

  1. Waste prevention
  2. Safer chemicals
  3. Fewer hazardous chemical synthetic methods
  4. Safer solvents and other substances
  5. Energy efficiency
  6. Renewable feedstocks
  7. Innocuous degradation
  8. Avoid chemical derivatives
  9. Atom economy maximization
  10. Real-time analysis for pollution prevention
  11. Accident prevention
  12. Use catalysts, not stoichiometric reagents